On this day

Discussion about miscellaneous topics not covered by other forums
Richard Frost
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Sat Sep 18 2021 10:25am

18th September 2021

International Equal Pay Day
The International Equal Pay Day, represents the longstanding efforts towards the achievement of equal pay for work of equal value. It further builds on the United Nations commitment to human rights and against all forms of discrimination, including discrimination against women and girls.

Across all regions, women are paid less than men, with the gender pay gap estimated at 23 per cent globally. Gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls continues to be held back owing to the persistence of historical and structural unequal power relations between women and men, poverty and inequalities and disadvantages in access to resources and opportunities that limit women’s and girls’ capabilities. Progress on narrowing that gap has been slow. While equal pay for men and women has been widely endorsed, applying it in practice has been difficult.

A Selection of Birthdays

53 Trajan, XIII Roman Emperor (98 - 117 AD) famous for Trajan's Forum, b. Italica, Ancient Hispania (d.117)
1709 Samuel Johnson, English scholar and lexicographer (A Dictionary of the English Language), born in Lichfield Staffordshire (d. 1784)
1838 Anton Mauve, Dutch realist painter and cousin of Vincent Van Gogh, born in Zaandam, Netherlands (d. 1888)
1883 Lord Berners [Gerald Tyrwhitt], Composer (1st Childhood), born in Apley Hall, Shropshire (d.1950)
1892 Cyril Walker, English golfer (US Open 1924), born in Manchester, (d. 1948)
1892 Sam Staples, English cricket medium pace bowler (3 Tests, 15 wickets; Nottinghamshire), born in Newstead Colliery, Notts. (d. 1950)
1905 Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (Ninotchka, Grand Hotel, Camille), b. Stockholm, (d. 1990)
1907 Edwin M. McMillan, American physicist and discoverer of plutonium (Nobel 1951), born in Redondo Beach, California (d. 1991)
1914 Jack Cardiff, British cinematographer (Black Narcissus), born in Great Yarmouth, (d. 2009)
1915 Hetta Empson, South African-British artist, born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 1996)
1916 Frank Bell, British educator and founder of The Bell Educational Trust Limited (d. 1989)
1917 Ande Anderson, English opera director, born in South Shields (d. 1996)
1922 Ray Steadman-Allen, British choral and brass band composer, born in Salvation Army 'Mother's Hospital', Clapton,London (d. 2014)
1923 Peter Smithson, English architect, born in Stockton-on-Tees, (d. 2003)
1929 June Rosemary Thorndycraft, British teacher and trade unionist (d. 1995)
1930 Ray Alan, British ventriloquist and television entertainer (Lord Charles), born in Greenwich, London (d. 2010)
1941 Clive Burton, British neuropathologist (d. 1996)
1942 Alex Stepney, English football goalkeeper (Manchester United), born in Mitcham, Surrey
1946 Alan "Bam" King, English rocker, born in Muswell Hill, North London
1946 Nicholas Clay, English actor (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Streatham, London (d. 2000)
1949 Mo Mowlam, British Labour Party politician (Member of Parliament for Redcar), born in Watford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2005)
1949 Peter Shilton, English football goalkeeper, born in Leicester
1958 John Aldridge, Irish footballer, born in Liverpool, England
1959 Ian Arkwright, English footballer (Wolverhampton Wanderers), born in Shafton, Barnsley
1961 Martin "Frosty" Beedle, British session and touring drummer (Cutting Crew -"(I Just) Died In Your Arms Tonight"), born in North Ferriby, East Yorkshire
1962 Joanne Catherall, English rock vocalist (Human League), born in Sheffield
1962 John Fashanu, English soccer striker (2 caps; Wimbledon FC) and TV presenter (Gladiators; Fash's Football Challenge; Deal or No Deal Nigeria), born in London
1963 Jim Pocklington, British racing driver, born in Romford, Essex
1963 John Powell, British film score composer, based in America (Happy Feet; Bourne films), born in London
1966 Ian "Spike" Spice, English guitarist (IBreathe, Flash Cadillac) (d. 2000)
1967 Tara Fitzgerald, British actress (Siren), born in Sussex
1970 Dan Eldon, British-Kenyan photojournalist, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1993)
1970 Aisha Tyler, American actress and talk show host (The Talk), born in San Francisco, California
1972 David Jefferies, British motorcycle racer, born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, (d. 2003)
1974 Sol Campbell, English footballer, born in Plaistow, London
1977 Kieran West, British oarsman (Olympic Gold 2000), born in Kingston upon Thames
1980 Charles Hedger, British musician (Cradle of Filth)
1983 Kevin Doyle, Irish footballer, born in Adamstown, Ireland
1985 Pete Cashmore, Scottish blogger (Mashable), born in Banchory, Scotland
1986 Keeley Hazell, British model, born in London

On this day in British History

1544 English King Henry VIII's troops occupy Boulogne
1759 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
1811 British East India Company force led by Baron Minto conquers Java, part of the Dutch East Indies, Stamford Raffles appointed lieutenant governor
1846 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange their last letters before they move to Italy
1898 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
1911 Britain's 1st twin-engine airplane (Short S.39) test flown
1911 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Disraeli" premieres in NYC
1939 William Joyce's first Nazi propaganda broadcast
1940 19 German aircraft shot down above England
1944 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
2003 The United Kingdom's Local Government Act 2003, repealing controversial Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988, receives Royal Assent

Scotland

2014 Scotland votes to stay a member of the United Kingdom in an independence referendum

Wales

1997 Voters in Wales vote yes (50.3%) in a referendum on Welsh autonomy

Weddings in History

1907 Author Arthur Conan Doyle (48) weds Jean Elizabeth Leckie

Deaths in History

1721 Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat, dies at 57
1783 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar, dies at 65
1905 George MacDonald, Scottish poet and sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), dies at 80
1939 Gwen John, Welsh painter, dies at 63
1964 Clive Bell, English art critic, dies at 83
2003 Bob Mitchell, British politician (b. 1927)
2019 Fernando Ricksen, Dutch soccer midfielder (12 caps; Glasgow Rangers), dies of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at 43

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Re: On this day

Post by macliam » Sat Sep 18 2021 11:32pm

Richard Frost wrote:
Sat Sep 18 2021 10:25am
18th September 2021

On this day in British History

1944 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
The commander of HMS Tradewind was Lieutenant-Commander Stephen Lynch Conway Maydon DSO DSC (15 December 1913 – 2 March 1971). Commanding Tradewind, he torpedoed 14 Japanese vessels, none of which were warships.

The Jun'yō Maru, built in Scotland, was on its way from Java to Sumatra, carrying 1,450 mostly Dutch prisoner of war slave laborers and 4,200 Javanese slave laborers. 5,620 of those on board died, making this the biggest single action friendly loss of life in history and the highest death count in history from a single British action.

Born in Pietermaritzburg, South Afica, Maydon became a Tory politician after the war and chairman of the Conservative Parliamentary Party Defence Committee for two years. He served alongside Margaret Thatcher in the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance, from July 1962.

Maydon was a slightly to the right of Genghis Khan and supported corporal punishment, opposed sanctions against Rhodesia, voted against the Race Relations Act 1968 and also opposed House of Lords Reform. In 1968 he declared to the House of Commons that he both supported and believed in apartheid.

He retired at the 1970 general election, and died less than a year later, aged 57
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Re: On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Sun Sep 19 2021 10:28am

19th September 2021

A selection of Birthdays

1737 Charles Carroll, Wealthy Maryland planter who was the last signer of the Declaration of Independence to pass away, born in Annapolis, Province of Maryland, British America (d. 1832)
1759 William Kirby, English entomologist and original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, born in Witnesham, Suffolk, (d. 1850)
1778 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, born in Cowgate, Edinburgh (d. 1868)
1796 Hartley Coleridge, English poet, born in Kingsdown, Bristol, (d. 1849)
1867 Arthur Rackham, book illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales, Rip van Winkle), born London, (d. 1939)
1882 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
1905 James Holland, English artist and exhibition organiser, born in Gillingham, Kent (d. 1996)
1910 Arthur Mullard, English actor, comedian and singer (Romany Jones), born in London (d. 1995)
1911 William Golding, English novelist (Lord of the Flies, Nobel Prize for Literature 1983), born in Newquay, Cornwall (d. 1993)
1919 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions) (d. 1995)
1924 Ernest Tomlinson, English composer (Light music), born in Rawtenstall, Lancashire (d.2015)
1927 Rosemary Harris, British actress (Spider-Man, The Lion in Winter, Holocaust, Notorious Woman, Tom & Viv), born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire
1929 Timothy Colman, Manufacturer and multi-millionaire (Reckitt & Colman), born in Norfolk, (d. 2021)
1933 David McCallum, Scottish-American actor (Ilyla Kuryakin-Man From UNCLE), born in Glasgow,
1934 Brian Epstein, Music entrepreneur and manager (Beatles), born in Liverpool, (d. 1967)
1941 Jim Fox, British pentathlete (Olympics gold 1972), born in Pewsey, Wiltshire,
1943 Christopher Joyce, British photographer, born in Turnbridge Wells, (d. 1994)
1946 John Coghlan, British rock drummer (Status Quo), born in London
1946 Brian Henton, English racing driver, born in Castle Donington, Leicestershire
1946 Michael Elphick, British stage and screen actor (Gorky Park; Boon), born in Chichester, Sussex, (d. 2002)
1947 (Lawrence) "Lol" Creme, English rock vocalist and guitarist (10cc - "I'm Not In Love"), born in Prestwich, Lancashire,
1947 Tanith Lee, British sci-fi author (Don't Bite the Sun), born in London
1947 Ray Cooper, British percussionist (Elton John; Eric Clapton; George Harrison), born in Watford, Hertfordshire
1948 Jeremy Irons, English actor (Reversal of Fortune, The Lion King), born in Isle of Wight,
1949 Twiggy [Leslie Hornby], English model and actress (Boyfriend, W), born in Neasden, Middlesex
1957 Dennis Cowan, British rocker (The Bonzo Dog Band), born in London
1958 Lita Ford, English-American rock guitarist and vocalist (The Runaways - "Cherry Bomb"; solo - "Kiss Me Deadly"), born in London
1963 Jarvis Cocker, English musician (Pulp), born in Sheffield
1963 David Seaman, English football goalkeeper (Arsenal), born in Rotherham
1964 Patrick Marber, British playwright (Closer) and comedian, born in London
1973 Nick Colgan, Irish football goalkeeper, born in Drogheda
1978 Nigel Mitchell, English TV presenter (Quizmania and Capital Disney), born in Kingston Upon Thames
1979 Dannielle Brent, British actress (Bad Girls), born in Rush Green, London
1994 Alex Etel, British actor (From Time to Time), born in Manchester

On this day in British History

1356 English forces under Edward the Black Prince defeat French at Battle of Poitiers and capture the French King during the Hundred Years' War
1523 Emperor Charles I & England sign anti-French covenant
1755 Great Britain & Russia sign military agreement
1848 Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
1939 British Expeditionary Force reaches France
1939 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) becomes radio host of Reichsrundfunk Berlin
1945 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
1984 Britain & China complete a proposed agreement to transfer Hong Kong to China by 1997

Deaths in History

1668 William Waller, English soldier and politician, who commanded Parliamentarian armies during the First English Civil War, before relinquishing his commission under the 1645 Self-denying Ordinance.
1859 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
1906 Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
1944 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
1944 Hilaro N Barlow OBE, British colonel, dies, killed by a mortar shell when he was sent forward to take command of 1st Parachute Brigade and co-ordinate an advance to the bridge. His body was never positively identified. Colonel Barlow died on 19 September 1944, aged 37 years, and he is now commemorated on the Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery Memorial, in the Netherlands.
1944 Guy Gibson, British wing commander who led the Dambusters (Victoria Cross), dies in action at 26
2000 Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b. 1917)
2015 Jackie Collins, British-American romance novelist (The Stud; The Bitch; Lucky), dies of breast cancer at 77

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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Mon Sep 20 2021 10:44am

Monday 20th September

An expedition led by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sets off on what would be the first successful circumnavigation of the globe. Magellan would die on route.

20 September (Monday) – 26 September (Sunday) HIGAN
22 September (Wednesday) SHUUBUN NO HI Japanese

Marks the autumn equinox. As at the spring equinox, harmony and balance are the themes; sutras are recited and the graves of relatives are visited.

A selection of Birthdays

1486 Arthur, Prince of Wales, English crown prince, son of King Henry VII of England, 1st husband of Catherine of Aragon, born in Winchester, (d. 1502)
1833 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian journalist, soldier and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1907), born in Milan, Lombardy (d. 1918)
1842 James Dewar, Scottish chemist & physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet), born Kincardine-on-Forth (d. 1923)
1844 William H. Illingworth, English-American photographer, born in Leeds, (d. 1893)
1869 George Robey, English musical theatre actor and comedian, born in South London, (d. 1954)
1881 Walter Kingsford, British actor (Carefree, My Favourite Blonde), born in Redhill (d. 1958)
1886 Charles Williams, British poet and writer, born in London (d. 1945)
1892 Patricia Collinge, Irish-born American actress (Tender Comrade), born in Dublin, (d. 1974)
1902 Stevie [Florence Margaret] Smith, English poet and novelist (Not Waving but Drowning), born in Kingston upon Hull, She was awarded the Cholmondeley Award for Poets and won the Queen's Gold Medal for poetry. A play, Stevie by Hugh Whitemore, based on her life, was adapted into a film starring Glenda Jackson. (d. 1971)
1914 Kenneth More, British actor (39 Steps, Doctor in the House), born Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, (d. 1982)
1922 David Nicolson, British businessman and politician (Chairman of BTR Industries-1969), born in London (d. 1996)
1923 Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish poet (A Little Bouquet), born in Northern Ireland (d. 1997)
1924 John Vassall, British spy and civil servant (spied for Soviet Union), born in London (d. 1996)
1927 Rachel Roberts, Welsh actress (Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, Foul Play, Doctor's Wife), born in Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, (d. 1980)
1927 John Dankworth, English jazz musician and composer, born in Woodford, Essex, (d. 2010)
1933 Dennis Viollet, English former soccer player (Manchester United), born in Fallowfield, Manchester, England (d. 1999)
1934 Sophia Loren [Sofia Villani Scicolone], Italian actress (La Ciociara; Desire Under the Elms; Black Orchid), born in Rome, Italy
1935 Keith Roberts, English writer (Irish Encounter, Ladies from Hell), born in Kettering, Northamptonshire (d. 2000)
1935 David Pegg, English soccer outside left (1 cap; Manchester United 127 games), born in Highfields, West Riding of Yorkshire (d. 1958)
1938 Jane Manning, English soprano, born in Norwich (d. 2021)
1941 Sylvester [J. Pussycat Sr.,], Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Friz Freleng (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Notes to You"
1944 Jeremy Child, English actor (Privilege, Taffin), born in Woking, Surrey,
1946 Mick Rogers [Michael Oldroyd], British rock guitarist (Manfred Mann's Earth Band), born in Dovercourt, Essex
1980 Jonathan Le Billon, British actor known for working in feature films, television shows and performing with classical theatre companies.
1989 Malachi Kirby, English actor (Small Axe), born in London

On this day in British History

1643 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton
1664 Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men
1777 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"
1793 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
1833 Charles Darwin arrives in Buenos Aires after travelling through the Argentine interior with guachos
1854 Battle of the Alma: first major battle of Crimean War. British and French alliance defeat the Russians
1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)
1906 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle
1909 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
1914 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
1917 British assault on Polygon Forest, France
1939 British navy captures German U-27 boat
1967 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank
2000 The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.
2018 EU leaders, including Donald Tusk and Emmanuel Macron, criticize Theresa May's Brexit plan at a summit in Salzburg, Austria

Northern Ireland

1972 The Social Democratic and Labour Party issues a document entitled "Towards a New Ireland", proposing that the British and Irish governments should have joint sovereignty over Northern Ireland
More British History

Scotland

1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
1967 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank

Deaths in History

1586 Anthony Babington, page and conspirator to Mary, Queen of Scots, executed at 24
1643 Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland, English politician and writer
1703 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, dies at 52
1933 Annie Besant, English social reformer and supporter of Indian independence, dies at 85
1944 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
2003 Lord Williams of Mostyn, Welsh barrister, politician, and Lord President of the Council, dies at 62

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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Tue Sep 21 2021 10:19am

Tuesday 21st September 2021

International Day of Peace
The International Day of Peace ("Peace Day") is observed around the world each year on 21 September. Established in 1981 by unanimous United Nations resolution, Peace Day provides a globally shared date for all humanity to commit to Peace above all differences and to contribute to building a Culture of Peace.

RABBIT IN THE MOON FESTIVAL / ZHONGQIUJIE / CHUNG CH’IU Chinese
This Mid-Autumn festival celebrates the moon’s birthday. Offerings are made to the rabbit in the moon, who is pounding the elixir of life with a pestle. ‘Spirit money’ is brought along with incense and offered to the moon by women, who also make special ‘moon’ cakes containing ground lotus and sesame seeds or dates.

21 September (Tuesday) – 28 September (Tuesday) SUKKOT Jewish
This harvest festival recalls the 40 years the Jews spent in the wilderness on the way from slavery in Egypt to freedom in the Promised Land. A temporary hut or booth – called a sukkah – is used for eating meals and for visits and socialising. The roof, which has to be open in part to the elements, is covered with branches and decorated with fruit.

A Selection of birthdays

1411 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne, born in Conisbrough, England (d. 1460)
1629 Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London (d. 1694)
1695 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), born in Auchtermuchty, Fife, (d. 1773)
1756 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), born in Ayr, (d. 1836)
1843 David Emlyn Evans, Welsh composer, born in Pen’ralltwen, Newcastle Emlyn, Carmarthen (d. 1913)
1849 Edmund Gosse, English poet, author (Father & Son) and critic, born in London (d. 1928)
1849 Maurice Barrymore [Herbert Blythe], Indian-born British actor and patriarch of the Barrymore family, born in Fort Agra, India (d. 1905)
1862 James E. Talmage, English religious leader (LDS Church apostle), born in Hungerford, Berkshire, (d. 1933)
1866 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent (d. 1946)
1874 Gustav Holst, English composer (Planets), born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, (d. 1934)
1899 Frederick Coutts, Scottish 8th General of The Salvation Army, born in Kirkcaldy, (d. 1986)
1902 Allen Lane, English publisher and founder of Penguin Books, born in Bristol, (d. 1970)
1906 Derrick De Marney, British actor (The Girl Was Young, Inheritance), born in London (d. 1978)
1917 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (Crank-Nicolson method), born in Macclesfield, Cheshire (d. 1968)
1929 Bernard Williams, English moral philosopher, born in Westcliff, Essex, (d. 2003)
1930 Dawn Addams, British actress (A King in New York, Star Maidens) who married the Prince of Roccasecca, born in Felixstowe, (d. 1985)
1931 Larry Hagman, American actor (I Dream of Jeannie, JR-Dallas), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2012)
1935 James "Jimmy" Armfield, British former-footballer, manager and pundit (BBC Radio Five Live), born in Denton, Lancashire, (d. 2018)
1939 Trevor James Hold, British composer, writer, and musicologist (John Clare Songbook), born in Northampton, (d. 2004)
1944 Susan Maureen Fleetwood, Scotland, actress (Krays, Sacrifice) (d. 1995)
1945 J. Peter Robinson, British session pianist, arranger (Phil Collins; Brand-X; Anni-Frid Lyngstad), and composer of scores for film (The World's Fastest Indian; The Bank Job) and television (Charmed), born in Fulton,
1947 Stephen King, American sci-fi and horror author (Carrie; The Shining; Kujo; Misery), born in Portland, Maine
1947 Geoff Workman, British record producer and engineer (Toto; Queen;The Cars), born in Liverpool,
1950 Charles Clarke, British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Norwich South from 1997 until 2010, and served as Home Secretary from December 2004 until May 2006.
1952 Dave Gregory, British rock guitarist (XTC; Big Big Train), born in Swindon
1954 Philthy Animal [Phil Taylor], English rock drummer (Motorhead), born in Hasland, Chesterfield (d. 2015)
1954 Julia Grant [prev George Roberts], transgender activist featured in "A Change of Sex", born in Blackpool, (d. 2019)
1959 Corrinne Drewery, British singer-songwriter (Swing Out Sister - "Swing Out"), born in Nottingham
1963 Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor Born. Glasgow, Best known as Robert the Bruce in Braveheart (1995), Angus McFadyen has enjoyed a fine career in the film business. He has been in a variety of different films and television shows over his life, playing such well known roles as Edward 'Blackbeard' Teach, Robert the Bruce, and Orson Welles.
1968 Jon Brookes, English drummer (The Charlatans), born in Burntwood, Staffordshire (d. 2013)
1970 Samantha Power, Irish American author and diplomat (US Ambassador to the UN), born in Dublin,
1971 John Crawley, former English first-class cricketer who played at international level for England and county cricket for Hampshire and Lancashire. Crawley, one of three brothers who all played first-class cricket, was a right-handed batsman and occasional wicket-keeper.
1972 Liam Gallagher, British singer and songwriter (Oasis - "Wonderwall"; Beady Eye), born in Burnage, Manchester,
1974 Andy Todd, English football coach and former player.
1979 Richard Dunne, Irish soccer defender (80 caps, Republic of Ireland; Everton, Manchester City, Aston Villa, QPR) and broadcaster (BT Sport), born in Dublin
1979 Julian Gray, English professional footballer who last played for Walsall. He previously played in the Football League and Premier League for Arsenal, Crystal Palace, Cardiff City, Birmingham City, Coventry City, Fulham, Barnsley and Walsall, and in Cyprus for Nea Salamis Famagusta.
1980 Nyree Lewis, British Paralympic swimmer
1982 Rowan Vine, English footballer
1985 Joe Wicks, British fitness coach, presenter and author (The Body Coach), born in Epsom, Surrey
1986 Faris Badwan, English vocalist (The Rotters; The Horrors; Cat's Eye), born in Bexley, Kent
1990 Rob Cross, English darts player (PDC World Champion 2018), born in Pembury, Kent

On this day in British History

1192 King Richard I the Lionheart, captured by Leopold V, Duke of Austria
1621 King James I of England gives Sir William Alexander a royal charter for colonisation of Nova Scotia
1776 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down
1776 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
1780 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point
1896 British General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan
1915 Cecil Chubb buys English prehistoric monument Stonehenge for £6,600
1931 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
1938 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia
1944 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
1961 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
1964 Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1981 Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from UK

Northern Ireland

1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs at the RAF airfield near Eglinton, County Londonderry; the terminal building, two aircraft hangars and four planes are destroyed

Deaths in History

1327 Edward II, King of England (1307-1327), likely assassinated at 43
1397 Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
1748 John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
1832 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Ivanhoe), dies at 61
1950 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), dies of a heart attack at 54
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Re: On this day

Post by macliam » Tue Sep 21 2021 10:54am

Richard Frost wrote:
Tue Sep 21 2021 10:19am
Tuesday 21st September 2021

A Selection of birthdays

1881- Éamonn Ceannt (Edward Thomas Kent), Irish Republican Brotherhood Military Council member and signatory of the 1916 Proclamation of Independence, was born in Glenamaddy, County Galway. He took a leading part in the Easter Rising, was arrested and tried by military court marshal and executed by firing squad at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin, on May 8th, 1916.

Northern Ireland

1795 - 'Battle of the Diamond' between (Protestant) Peep o' Day Boys and (Catholic) Defenders near Loughgall, Co. Armagh leaves 30 Defenders dead and leads to the foundation of the Loyal Orange Institution (later the Orange Order) "...to defend the King and his heirs as long as they shall maintain the Protestant ascendancy".
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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Wed Sep 22 2021 11:09am

22nd September 2021

Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway. The resulting war would last for eight years and cost between one and two million lives.

AUTUMN EQUINOX (MABON) Wiccan, Pagan
AUTUMN EQUINOX (ALBAN ELUED or ALBAN ELFED) Druid

Day and night stand hand in hand as equals. As the shadows lengthen, Pagans see the darker faces of the God and Goddess. For many Pagans, this rite honours old age and the approach of Winter

A selection of birthdays

1290 Bilbo Baggins, Fictional main character of J. R. R. Tolkien's 1937 novel The Hobbit (in Shire Reckoning)
1515 Anne of Cleves, Queen of England (1539-40), 4th wife of Henry VIII, born in Dusseldorf, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1557)
1694 Philip Dormer Stanhope [Lord Chesterfield], English statesman and letter writer, responsible for introducing Gregorian calendar, born in London (1752)
1722 John Home, Scottish writer (Douglas), born in Ancrum, Scotland (d. 1808)
1743 Quintin Craufurd, British author (friend of Marie Antoinette), born in Kilwinning, Ayrshire (d. 1819)
1788 Theodore Hook, English author, famous practical joker and recipient of the world's 1st postcard, born in London (d. 1841)
1791 Michael Faraday, English scientist, discovered electromagnetic induction, invented 1st electric motor, born in Newington Butts, London (d. 1867)
1870 Charlotte Cooper, British tennis player (1st female Olympic champion 1900; Wimbledon 1895-96, 98, 1901, 08), born in Ealing, (d. 1966)
1880 Christabel Pankhurst, suffragist, daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst, born Manchester, (d. 1958)
1906 Phyllis Hartnoll, English writer and editor, born in Lyme Regis, (d. 1997)
1907 Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (d. 1981)
1912 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Jr., English thoroughbred horse owner (Bed O' Roses, Native Dancer), born in London (d. 1999)
1915 Arthur Lowe, British actor (Dad's Army, Kind Hearts and Coronets, The Ruling Class), born in Hayfield, Derbyshire (d. 1982)
1918 (Archibald James) "A.J." Potter, Irish composer (Finnegan's Wake), born in Belfast, (d. 1980)
1923 Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer, born in Cardiff, (d. 2014)
1924 Charles Keeping, British illustrator (The Highwayman), born in London, (d. 1988)
1924 Rosamunde Pilcher, English novelist (The Shell Seekers), born in Lelant, Cornwall (d. 2019)
1927 Gordon Astall, English soccer forward (2 caps; Birmingham City 235 games, 59 goals), born in Horwich, Lancashire (d. 2020)
1928 Eric Broadley, British automotive engineer (Lola Cars) (d. 2017)
1931 Fay Weldon, British feminist and writer (The Lives and Loves of a She-Devil), born in Birmingham
1931 George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
1936 Maurice Evans, English soccer wing half (Reading 407 games) and manager (Shrewsbury Town, Reading, Oxford United), born in Didcot, England (d. 2000)
1942 Dick Pickering, British trade unionist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1996)
1948 Mark Phillips, British equestrian (Olympic Gold 1972), ex of princess Anne, born in Tetbury, Gloucestershire
1949 David Coverdale, British rock singer (Whitesnake;, Deep Purple), born in Saltburn-by-the-Sea, North Yorkshire
1952 Gary Holton, English actor and musician born in Clapham, London (d. 1985)
1953 Richard Fairbrass, English singer and bassist (Right Said Fred), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey
1957 Pete Jones, English rocker (Public Image Ltd.), born in Watford, Hertfordshire
1965 Andy Cairns, Irish musician, born in Ballyclare, Northern Ireland
1970 Rupert Penry-Jones, English actor (Spooks, The Strain), born in London
1971 Chesney Hawkes, English singer (Feels So Alive, The One and Only), born in Windsor, Berkshire,
1977 Paul Sculthorpe, English rugby league footballer (St Helens, 2x Man of Steel Award), born in Burnley
1978 Ed Joyce, Irish-English cricketer, born in Dublin
1982 Billie Piper, English singer and actress (Dr Who), born in Swindon, Wiltshire
1984 Ross Jarman, English drummer (The Cribs), born in Wakefield
1987 Tom Felton, English Actor (Draco Malfoy in Harry Potter films), born in Epsom, Surrey
2007 Albert Windsor, English son of Lord Nicholas Windsor, (1st royal child to be baptized a Catholic since 1688)

On This day in British History

1529 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey stripped of office as Lord Chancellor of England
1586 Battle at Zutphen: Dutch army, assisted by the English, against the Spanish
1598 Playwright and poet Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter as the result of a duel
1735 Robert Walpole becomes the first British "Prime Minister" (actually First Lord of the Treasury) to live at 10 Downing Street
1761 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte
1832 During his HMS Beagle voyage Charles Darwin discovers a large number of fossils at Punta Alta in Argentina
1896 Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the (then) longest reigning monarch in British history
1910 The Duke of York's Cinema opened in Brighton. It is still operating today, making it the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain
1914 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
1914 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany
1941 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
1943 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
1961 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
1989 IRA bomb kills 10 Royal Marines bandsmen in Kent
2020 PM Boris Johnson announces that the UK has reached a 'perilous turning point' in the pandemic as he announces new restrictions

Scotland

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army returns to Edinburgh

Wales

1934 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers

Deaths in History

1399 Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1366)
1662 John Biddle, English theologian (b. 1615)
1776 Nathan Hale, US captain, patriot and spy, hanged by the British for spying at 21
1852 William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer, dies at 69
1934 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted monument Stonehenge to the British nation, dies at 58
1944 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
1956 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 79
1997 George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, British politician (Speaker of the House of Commons), dies at 97
1999 Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist, dies at 81
2003 Hugo Young, British journalist (The Guardian), dies at 64

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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Thu Sep 23 2021 10:57am

23rd September 2021

International Day of Sign Languages 2021. Every year, this observance is commemorated on September 23 to mark the date that the World Federation of the Deaf was established in 1951.

A selection of Birthdays

480 BC Euripides, Greek playwright (Medea), born in Salamis, Greece (d. 406 BC)
63 BC Augustus Caesar [Gaius Octavius], First Roman Emperor (27 BC-14 AD), born in Rome, Roman Republic (d. 14 AD)
1215 Kublai Khan, Mongol Emperor (1260-94) and founder of the Yuan dynasty in China (1271-94), born in Monoglia (d. 1294)
1650 Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
1856 William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess) (d. 1924)
1865 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel) (d. 1947)
1869 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient ('Typhoid Mary') 1st person in the US known to be immune to typhoid, and carrier of the disease (infected at least 51 people in New York City), born in Cookstown, Ireland (d. 1938)
1900 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I (d. 2009)
1909 Susan Travers, English-French Foreign Legion soldier, born in London, (d. 2003)
1915 Ian Dawson-Shepherd, perhaps the greatest campaigner and friend of cerebrally palsied people and their parents. Thanks to the work of the Spastics Society, which he founded in 1952, attitudes towards cerebral palsy have changed dramatically, so that while before the 1950s it was rare even to see a person with cerebral palsy in public, they now have opportunities everywhere in society. (d 1996)
1925 Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (d. 2006)
1930 Colin Blakely, Northern-Irish character actor (Shattered, Equus, King Lear), born in Bangor, County Down (d. 1987)
1930 Ray Charles [Robinson], American singer and pianist who pioneered soul music ("Georgia On My Mind"; "Mess Around"; "Hit The Road, Jack") born in Albany, Georgia (d. 2004)
1934 John Mortimore, English soccer defender (Chelsea 249 games) and manager (Portsmouth, Benfica, Real Betis), born in Farnborough, (d. 2021)
1939 Henry Blofeld, English cricket commentator
1945 Ray Batten, English rugby league back-rower (Great Britain 3, England 3 Tests; Leeds 434 games) and coach (Wakefield Trinity), born in York, (d. 2020)
1946 Aubrey "Po" Powell, British co-founder of album cover design company "Hipgnosis" (Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, Paul McCartney, Yes), born in Sussex
1949 Bruce Springsteen, American singer, songwriter and rock musician, known as "The Boss" (Born to Run;, Born in the USA), born in Long Branch, New Jersey
1954 Cherie Blair [née Booth], English wife of former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, born in Bury,
1958 Danielle Dax, British avant-garde rock musician, producer and album art designer, born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex
1960 John Rocca, English funk singer (Southern Freeze), born in London
1964 Clayton Blackmore, Welsh footballer
1968 Yvette Fielding, English television presenter (Blue Peter), born in Manchester
1972 Karl Pilkington, British radio personality
1975 Chris Hawkins, British radio personality
1981 Natalie Horler, English-German singer (Cascada - "Evacute The Dancefloor"), born in Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
1986 Martin Cranie, English footballer

On this day in British history

1459 Battle of Blore Heath in Staffordshire, 1st major battle of the English Wars of the Roses
1780 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point
1803 Battle of Assaye: British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
1940 -27] French/British assault on French fleet in Dakar, flees
1944 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
1950 US Air Force Mustangs accidentally bomb British on Hill 282 Korea, 17 killed
1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island

Deaths in History

1571 John Jewel, English bishop, dies at 49
1764 Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
1823 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
1846 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
1889 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (The Moonstone), dies at 65
1943 Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
1974 Robbie Mcintosh, Scottish drummer (Average White Band), overdoses at 24
1988 Arwel Hughes, Welsh composer, dies at 79
2001 Ron Hewitt, Welsh footballer (b. 1928)
2002 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove, dies at 87

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On this day

Post by Richard Frost » Fri Sep 24 2021 10:43am

Friday 24th September 2021

World Maritime Day
The purpose of the day is to appreciate the importance of maritime industry and to underline the importance of maritime security, maritime environment, safety, and shipping. The day also marks the day of adaptation of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) convention in 1958. It was first observed in 1978.

A Selection of Birthdays

1301 Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (d. 1372)
1534 Guru Ram Das, 4th Sikh Guru (1574-81), born in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan (d. 1581)
1564 William Adams, English navigator and 1st ever Western Samurai, born in Gillingham, Kent (d. 1620)
1717 Horace Walpole, British horror writer (Castle of Otranto), born in London (d. 1797)
1725 Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer and founder of the Guinness brewery, born in Celbridge, County Kildare, (d. 1803)
1762 William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), born in Kings Sutton, Northamptonshire (d. 1850)
1806 George Alexander Osborne, Irish pianist & composer (La Pluie de perles), born Limerick (d. 1893)
1860 S. R. Crockett, Scottish novelist (The Stickit Minister), born in Duchrae, Balmaghie, Kirkcudbrightshire (d. 1914)
1871 Lottie Dod, British all-round athlete (Wimbledon 1887-88, 1891-93), born in Bebington, Merseyside (d. 1960)
1890 A. P. Herbert, English journalist and writer (Punch, Helen), born in Ashtead, Surrey, (d. 1971)
1894 Tommy Armour, Scottish-American golfer (US Open 1927, PGA 1930, British Open 1931), born in Edinburgh, (d. 1968)
1896 F. Scott Fitzgerald, American author (Great Gatsby, Zelda), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1940)
1904 Owen Saunders, mathematician & mechanical engineer, born in Streatham, London (d. 1993)
1910 Leon MacLaren, British philosopher and founder of the LSE, born in Glasgow (d. 1994)
Person of interest
1912 Ian Serraillier, English children's books author (The Silver Sword), born in London (d. 1994)
1914 Andrzej Panufnik, Polish-British composer and conductor (Symphony No. 3 - Sinfonia Sacra), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1991)
1916 John Lapsley, British air marshal, born in India (d. 1995)
1918 Richard Hoggart, British author (The Uses of Literacy: Aspects of Working Class Life) and warden (Goldsmith's College London), born in Leeds, (d. 2014)
1921 Leonard Salzedo, British composer, born in London, (d. 2000)
1922 David Lane, British Conservative politician and CEO (Commission for Racial Equality), born in London (d. 1998)
1923 Mervyn Brown, British diplomat and historian of Madagascar
1924 Jean-Pierre Warner, British high court judge (d. 2005)
1924 Sheila MacRae, British-born actress (Jackie Gleason Show), born in London, (d. 2014)
1929 George McNicol, Principal & vice-chancellor (Aberdeen University), born Glasgow, (d. 2014)
1930 Angelo Muscat, Maltese-born British actor (The Prisoner, Doctor Who), born in the Republic of Malta (d. 1977)
1931 Anthony Newley, British actor and singer-songwriter (Doctor Dolittle; Goldfinger theme; Willy Wonka score), born in London (d. 1999)
1931 Brian Glanville, English journalist and football writer, born in Hendon, London
1932 Terry Davies MBE, Welsh rugby union full back (21 Tests Wales, 2 British & Irish Lions; Swansea, Llanelli), born in Llwynhendy, (d. 2021)
1933 Catherine Hughes [Pestell], British principal (Somerville College Oxford), born in County Durham, (d. 2014)
1934 Bernard Nevill, British textile designer, born in London, (d. 2019)
1934 John Brunner, Britsih sci-fi author (100th Millennium), born Wallingford, Oxfordshire, (d. 1995)
1934 Robert Lang, English actor (Night Watch), born in Bristol, (d. 2004)
1934 Tommy Anderson, Scottish footballer (Stockport County), born in Haddington, East Lothian,
1935 Lawrence Urquhart, Scottish businessman and CEO (Burmah Castrol)
1936 James "Jim" Henson, American puppeteer, artist, screenwriter and filmmaker, best known as the creator of 'the Muppets" (Sesame Street, The Muppet Show), born in Greenville, Mississippi (d. 1990)
1937 Alan Grose, British vice-admiral
1941 Linda McCartney [Eastman], American photographer and musician (Wings) and wife of Paul McCartney, born in New York City (d. 1998)
1941 Tony Rutter, British motorcycle road racer (Formula Two World C'ship 1981-84; 7 x Isle of Man TT Races), born in Wordsley, (d. 2020)
1942 Gerry Marsden, British rock vocalist and TV personality (Gerry & Pacemakers - Ferry Cross The Mersey), born in Liverpool, (d. 2021)
1945 John Milford Rutter, English composer, conductor, and arranger, mainly of choral music (Mass Of The Children), born in London.
1946 Pat Pocock, Welsh cricketer (intermittent England off-spinner 1968-85), born in Bangor
1948 Bernadette Hingley, British priest, one of the 1st women to be ordained in England, born in Sowerby Bridge, (d. 1995)
1954 Stephen Jones, English art historian, born in London, (d. 1996)
1959 Theo Paphitis, Cypriot-born British businessman (Dragon's Den, Millwall Football Club), born in Limassol, Cyprus
1962 Jack Dee, British comedian (I'm Sorry I Haven't A Clue), born in Bromley, England
1962 Mike Phelan, English footballer and coach (Manchester United), born in Nelson, Lancashire
1971 Peter Salisbury, English drummer (The Verve), born in Chippenham
1987 Matthew Connolly, English footballer (Cardiff City), born in Barnet, Hertfordshire

On This day in History

673 Synod of Hertford opens; canons made for English Church
1664 Dutch Fort Orange (New Netherland) in present day Albany NY surrenders to the English
1838 Anti-Corn-Law League forms to repeal English Corn Law
1841 British adventurer James Brooke obtains lands around the Sarawak river from the Sultan of Brunei
1850 Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
1951 Industrial estate opens at Harlow New Town, England
1963 US Senate ratifies treaty with Britain & USSR limiting nuclear testing
1964 Ringo Starr forms Brikley Building Company Ltd
1971 90 Russian diplomats expelled from Britain for spying
1985 Fastest English Channel crossing by a relay team set (15h 30m)
2019 UK Supreme Court rules the suspension of UK parliament for 5 weeks by Boris Johnson's Conservative government was unlawful

Deaths in History

1275 Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (b. 1208)
1848 Branwell Brontë [Patrick Branwell Brontë], English painter and writer and brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne, dies at 31
1933 Alice Muriel Williamson, British novelist (b. 1869)
1954 Edward Pilgrim, British homeowner who committed suicide due to housing bureaucracy scandal, hangs himself at 53
1983 Isobel Baillie, Scottish oratorio singer, dies at 88

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Re: On this day

Post by macliam » Fri Sep 24 2021 8:35pm

Friday 24th September 2021

On This day in History

1880 - Mayo agent, Captain Charles Boycott, was sent to a 'moral Coventry.' He described his plight in a letter to The Times: "...people collect in crowds upon my farm and order off all my workmen. The shopkeepers have been warned to stop all supplies to my house. My farm is public property, I can get no workmen to do anything, and my ruin is openly avowed as the object of the Land League unless I throw up everything and leave the country"
Thanked by: Richard Frost
Just because I'm paranoid, it doesn't mean they're not out to get me

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